# Development of a biosensor based on linear dichroism spectroscopy

Sandhu, Sandeep Kaur (2015). Development of a biosensor based on linear dichroism spectroscopy. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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## Abstract

Existing methodologies for biomolecular detection are limited in several key areas. Heterogeneous assays struggle with various wash steps which can prolong assay time, while other assays require costly reagents, lack mobility and can be highly complex in nature. This project demonstrates how a bio-nano particle in the form of M13 bacteriophage (M13) can be used for the basis of a novel homogeneous immunoassay which incorporates the use of linear dichroism spectroscopy (LD).

M13 has a high aspect ratio which allows it to align easily in shear flow, this in turn generates a large LD signal. This property of M13 has been manipulated for use in a new in-vitro diagnostic technique.

Existing M13 production yields are much lower than those required for this assay. A new method was developed which increased the yield 10 fold. Chemical modifications were made by covalently attaching chromophores, this enabled the M13 LD signal to be visualised in the visible region and develops the potential for multiplexing.

By chemically modifying M13 with chromophores and antibodies it was possible to create an assay capable of detecting 10$$^5$$ cells/mL of $$Escherichia$$ $$coli$$ O157. This is 100 times more sensitive than the M13 based assay developed by Pacheco-Gomez $$et$$ $$al.$$ (2012). The assay was reassembled to detect small molecules and was found to have a sensitivity of 0.01 mM.

The assays presented form a sensitive, specific, fast diagnostic tool capable of detecting pathogens and small molecules. It offers significant improvements over existing methods, and could act as a platform in developing a multimodal detection system.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Penn, CharlesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dafforn, TimothyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Biosciences
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/5737

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