Structure characterisation of catalysts using x-ray micro-computed tomography

Lunel, Marie Monique France (2015). Structure characterisation of catalysts using x-ray micro-computed tomography. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.


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Knowledge of internal porous structure is essential in improving the development of a catalytic system and consequently leading to an optimized performance. XRCT has been used to show differences in density and pore distribution and that differences can be related to the process route by which the specimen was prepared.
Alumina samples with defects prepared using different conditions have been investigated in order to acquire information on the introduction and development of cracks. Results indicated that cracks became larger when the water content, the ram speed of the extruder and the drying temperature were higher. The calcination process increased the number and the 3-D size of the cracks.Both concentration of the bulk solution and impregnation time appeared to have a significant impact on the metal distribution profile during the impregnation process. Drying had a strong impact on the metal profile, as a redistribution of copper was noticed. The redistribution was observed exclusively in the case of weak adsorption of copper with alumina support.Experiments on the newly established I13 beamline synchrotron in Diamond was carried out in order to gain an understanding of the cracks induction/propagation and of the diffusion of metallic solution inside the catalyst support.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Chemical Engineering
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology


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