Artificial chemical ageing of atmospheric aerosol

Al Kindi, Suad Said (2014). Artificial chemical ageing of atmospheric aerosol. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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An aerosol chemical ageing (ACA) system has been developed for artificially processing atmospheric particles. An aerosol flow tube coupled to a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and an aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS) have been proposed to study the heterogeneous reaction (HR) between two oxidants, ozone (O\(_3\)) and hydroxyl radical (OH), and three different single organic aerosol proxies: oleic acid (OL), maleic acid (MA) and bis(2-ethylhexyl) sebacate (BES). The ACA system operates under conditions equivalent to ambient processing times of 1 and 20 days with respect to ozone and OH ambient levels, respectively. The study provides evidence for the ageing process of organic aerosol. The physical characterisation of aged particles suggests the formation of volatile products resulting in appreciable decrease in particles size and mass. The chemical study, however, shows that the properties of the aged particles are sensitive to the oxidant and organic material identities, the particle size and the oxidation environment. The applicability of the developed ageing technique has been tested on real atmospheric particles, however, it is concluded that extrapolating laboratory procedures to ambient atmosphere may be challenging due to the complexity of the real atmosphere, particularly, the urban atmosphere.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering


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