Tumour immunity and MHC class I associated phosphopeptides

Penny, Sarah Amy (2014). Tumour immunity and MHC class I associated phosphopeptides. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Immunotherapies signify a major development in the fight against increasing cancer morbidity and mortality. However, they have been limited by a lack of tumour-specific targets. MHC class I associated phosphopeptides represent a novel class of potentially tumour-specific targets, since dysregulation of signalling in cancers leads to aberrant phosphorylation.
Using an autologous model of cancer, in healthy individuals, it was shown that a significant proportion of all anti-tumour cytotoxic memory T cell responses target phosphopeptides.
In colorectal cancer (CRC), there is an established association between memory CD8+ T cell infiltration and survival. CRC and oesophageal adenocarcinoma tumours and cell lines were used to identify 134 tumour-associated phosphopeptides. Approximately 65% of these derive from well-defined cancer pathways and are thus markers of malignancy. Multifunctional tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes were present in primary and metastatic tumours that recognised these phosphopeptides.
Furthermore, healthy donors have pre-existing memory T cell responses to many CRC-associated phosphopeptides. Phosphopeptide-specific T cells were readily expanded ex vivo and killed CRC cell lines. Therefore, MHC class I associated phosphopeptides are ideal immunotherapeutic targets, as immunity must spare healthy tissue.
Immunity to tumour-associated phosphopeptides represents a biological strategy for distinguishing tumour from healthy tissue. These phosphopeptides are potential sHLA-associated cancer biomarkers and immunotherapeutic targets.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: School of Immunity and Infection
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/5446


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