Masculinidades y Nación: una lectura alegórica del compañero en la narrativa de Antonio Skármeta

Carrasco-Marchessi, Maritza (2014). Masculinidades y Nación: una lectura alegórica del compañero en la narrativa de Antonio Skármeta. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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My work reads the compañero [working-class male] as allegory of the Chilean nation in a corpus of Antonio Skármeta’s fiction that portrays the convulsive years leading up to, and during the early years of the Pinochet dictatorship.
I deploy an interdisciplinary methodology to expound the relationship between Skármeta’s textualisation of the writer/artist and his ideological project of allegorising the nation in the compañero. My innovative approach uses key concepts drawn from theorisations of nation, identity and gender in order to evaluate the allegorical construction and de-construction of the figure of the compañero in national discourses. My aim is to structurally theorise the compañero´s rise, climax and destitution as the hegemonic masculinity of the Chilean Socialist state.
I use the work on allegory of Walter Benjamin, Lynnette Hunter and Edwin Honig, among others, in order to further refine my analytical apparatus. Within masculinities studies, I follow the concepts of gender order, power relations and hegemony from Connell, Kimmel and Foucault. To complete my analysis I also read the compañero via extant studies from Chilean specialists, particularly Manuel Antonio Garretón, Nelly Richard, José Olavarría and Sonia Montecino.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
School or Department: School of Languages, Cultures, Art History and Music, Department of Modern Languages
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PQ Romance literatures


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