Mathematical modelling of planar solid oxide fuel cells

Sandells, Jamie Ian (2014). Mathematical modelling of planar solid oxide fuel cells. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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In this thesis we construct a series of mathematical models from first principles to examine the advection, diffusion and reactions of species within a planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC). We reduce the complexity of an SOFC to flow and reaction across a flat, impermeable plate and begin by establishing a simplistic model for the incompressible, isothermal flow and reaction of hydrogen. Throughout the thesis we seek to extend this initial model by adding appropriate levels of complexity such as alternative fuels, compressibility and thermal effects.

In establishing solutions to these models we use a series of analytical techniques. We adopt the concept of boundary-layer flow and self similarity to simplify the model equations into a form where we can obtain analytical and efficient numerical solutions. We also utilise asymptotics to examine and validate the model around regions of singularities within the flow. Within each model we have examined the electrical performance of the cell and in some cases we have validated these results with existing experimental data.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Chemical Engineering
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology


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