Single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of childhood brain tumours

Gill, Simrandip Kaur (2014). Single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of childhood brain tumours. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

PDF - Accepted Version

Download (6MB)


Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential for the management of childhood brain tumours. However, it is increasingly being supplemented with functional techniques such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). This thesis investigates how pre-treatment single voxel MRS can aid in diagnosis and surveillance of paediatric brain tumours and identify prognostic biomarkers. Data from multiple centres, scanners from three leading manufacturers and field strengths of 1.5 T and 3 T are incorporated. MRS was analysed using TARQUIN software with metabolite peaks fitted using a simulated basis set to provide metabolite concentrations. Univariate and multivariate statistical tests were used to compare variables. Multi-scanner spectroscopy detected significant differences in common and rare paediatric brain tumours. Diagnostic metabolite profiles were able to confirm tumour on follow-up imaging. Elevated creatine and total choline determined good prognosis in medulloblastoma. Myo-inositol and citrate aided in the characterisation of diffuse pontine gliomas (DIPG). While conventional MRI was unable to identify prognostic markers for DIPG, elevated taurine was found to be significantly associated with a better prognosis. The results encourage the use of MRS as an adjunct to conventional MRI in routine clinical practice. For future studies, accurate assignment of biomarkers will be determined in tumour tissue using in vitro high-resolution spectroscopy methods.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Cancer Studies
Funders: Cancer Research UK, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Medical Research Council, National Institute for Health Research
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)


Request a Correction Request a Correction
View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year