Reframing Chilean social care for children

Munoz, Carolina (2014). Reframing Chilean social care for children. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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his thesis explores the implementation of a rights-based policy for children in Chile by examining progress within two programs: rights protection and juvenile imprisonment. By applying a combination of organisational and institutional theories, and relying on multiple sites, case-based, qualitative method, this study explores how organizational and cultural dimensions interact to support or hinder this fundamental shift in the framework for children’s policy. Findings showed the role of power as the major device affecting the implementation process. Structural power in organisational arrangements unveiled a prevalent model of top-down implementation, marked by patronage and symbolic implementation. Institutional power exerted in the cultural and normative Chilean context showed a persistent hierarchical society infused with conservative beliefs based in dichotomous conceptions of people. This resulted in policy implementers distinguishing strongly between those they considered worthy or not worthy, good or bad, service provider or user, either or, with no room for overlap and little appreciation of difference as a positive societal feature. Interplay between organisational and cultural variables evidenced the strong legacy of deep-rooted understandings of the place of child care services in family life. Until this legacy can be effectively challenged, the implementation of a rights-based approach will remain partial and ineffective.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
School or Department: School of Social Policy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1201 Latin America (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman


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