The Weald Moors and Wall Camp: an investigation of geomorphology, human history, and palaeoenviroment

Norton, Shelagh Margaret (2013). The Weald Moors and Wall Camp: an investigation of geomorphology, human history, and palaeoenviroment. University of Birmingham. M.Phil.

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This thesis reviews the archaeological heritage of the Weald Moors, a wetland of low-lying, peat-based farmland in North Shropshire, dominated by the Iron Age ‘marsh-fort’ of Wall Camp; lithic scatters, Bronze Age metalwork deposition and a high number of burnt mounds also characterise the area. Analysis was made of the published and unpublished literature, geomorphology, and archaeological records, and the palaeoenvironmental history was contextualised within the area of the North Shropshire Wetlands. Environmental samples, taken proximal to Wall Camp, were dated and analysed for coleopteran remains. The conclusions are that the peat, although it is known to be wasted in certain areas, preserves an early Holocene record (8550-8300 cal BC - 6370-6220 cal BC), and contains an insect fauna associated with reed-bed and fen-carr; microscopic charcoal is also present, although the origin is currently unknown. The organic deposits of the Weald Moors contain considerable potential for further investigation despite their desiccated condition viz. the Mesolithic presence on the Weald Moors and the possibility of environmental manipulation; the environment contemporaneous with metalwork deposition and burnt mounds; and the purpose of Wall Camp, including its relationship with contemporary marsh-forts, both locally, e.g. the Berth, and nationally, e.g. Sutton Common.

Type of Work: Thesis (Masters by Research > M.Phil.)
Award Type: Masters by Research > M.Phil.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
School or Department: School of History and Cultures, Department of Classics, Ancient History and Archaeology (CAHA)
Funders: Other
Other Funders: The University of Birmingham
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain


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