Quantum noise reduction for gravitational wave detectors: developing realistic interferometer schemes

Wang, Mengyao (2013). Quantum noise reduction for gravitational wave detectors: developing realistic interferometer schemes. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Gravitational waves are a predication of Einstein's theory of general relativity. After nearly 50 years of effort by the scientific community to construct a detector capable of directly measuring gravitational waves, we expect a breakthrough, the first ever direct measurement of a gravitational wave within the next 5 years. The Advanced LIGO detectors currently under construction are predicted to achieve not only the first detection but to open the field of gravitational-wave astronomy: as an observational window on astrophysics and with an impart on other areas such as cosmology, strong-field gravity, general relativity, and nuclear physics.

The Advanced LIGO detectors are large-scale laser interferometers that have been designed for very low technical noise so that quantum noise will be limiting their sensitivity over a wide range of their spectrum. Planning for future gravitational wave observatories is already underway and reducing the fundamental quantum noise is considered to be one of the main experimental challenges. My work over the last 4 years has focused on possible new techniques to reduce or circumvent the quantum noise in laser interferometers.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/4717


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