Metric learning for incorporating privileged information in prototype-based models

Fouad, Shereen (2013). Metric learning for incorporating privileged information in prototype-based models. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Prototype-based classification models, and particularly Learning Vector Quantization (LVQ) frameworks with adaptive metrics, are powerful supervised classification techniques with good generalization behaviour. This thesis proposes three advanced learning methodologies, in the context of LVQ, aiming at better classification performance under various classification settings. The first contribution presents a direct and novel methodology for incorporating valuable privileged knowledge in the LVQ training phase, but not in testing. This is done by manipulating the global metric in the input space, based on distance relations revealed by the privileged information. Several experiments have been conducted that serve as illustration, and demonstrate the benefit of incorporating privileged information on the classification accuracy. Subsequently, the thesis presents a relevant extension of LVQ models, with metric learning, to the case of ordinal classification problems. Unlike in existing nominal LVQ, in ordinal LVQ the class order information is explicitly utilized during training. Competitive results have been obtained on several benchmarks, which improve upon standard LVQ as well as benchmark ordinal classifiers. Finally, a novel ordinal-based metric learning methodology is presented that is principally intended to incorporate privileged information in ordinal classification tasks. The model has been verified experimentally through a number of benchmark and real-world data sets.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Computer Science
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software


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