Strangeness enhancement in high multiplicity proton-proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s}\) = 7 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC

Petrov, Plamen Rumenov (2013). Strangeness enhancement in high multiplicity proton-proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s}\) = 7 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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ALICE is one of the seven experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, dedicated to the physics of heavy-ion collisions and, in particular, the properties of the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP). IN addition to studying Pb-Pb collisions at \(\sqrt{sNN}\) = 2.76 TeV, ALICE has an extensive proton-proton (p-p) programme (\(\sqrt{s}\) = 0.9, 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV) aimed to provide a base for comparison with the Pb-Pb data as well as to complement the research in areas where ALICE is competitive with the other LHC experiments.

Of particular interest for the ALICE collaboration are the high-multiplicity p-p events. As suggested by the Bjorken formula for the initial energy density in high energy collisions, such events could create conditions comparable to those in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC where the formation of the QGP has been observed.

The identified charged hadron spectra in p-p collisions at \(\sqrt{s}\) = 7 TeV have been measured as a function of the event multiplicity, looking for signs of strangeness enhancement as one of the established signatures for the QGP formation. The analysis entails processing a sample of ~ 80 M minimum-bias and ~ 5 M high-multiplicity triggered p-p events. Three different particle identification techniques have been developed and assessed for the purpose of measuring the pion, kaon and proton yields over a momentum range of 0.2 GeV/c \(\leq\) pT \(\leq\) 2.5 GeV /c. A study of the systematic effects and the results are presented, including pT spectra and integrated yields for pions, kaons and protons, K \(^\pm\)/\(\Pi\)\(^\pm\) and p\(^\pm\)/\(\Pi\)\(^\pm\) ratios as a function of multiplicity, and a comparison to recent models. No significant variation in the particle ratios is observed up to multiplicities of the order of dN\(_{ch}\)/d\(\eta\) \(\approx\) 42.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics


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