Characterising lymphocyte trafficking across blood vascular and lymphatic endothelial cells

Ahmed, Syed Rumel (2012). Characterising lymphocyte trafficking across blood vascular and lymphatic endothelial cells. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The recruitment of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) to sites of inflammation and their subsequent traffic into the lymphatic circulation is important in host defense. However, surprisingly little is known about their recruitment from the blood vasculature into inflamed tissue, and almost nothing about their egress from inflamed tissue via the lymphatic circulation. We showed that both human macrovascular and microvascular endothelial cells stimulated by TNF\(\alpha\) and IFN\(\gamma\), preferentially recruited memory T-lymphocytes (CD45RO positive cells) from a mixed pool of PBL. T-cells that had migrated across vascular endothelial cells subsequently utilised a combination of \(\beta\)1 and \(\beta\)2 integrins to traverse cytokine activated lymphatic endothelium. In addition we provide evidence that PGD2 was critical for the transmigration of lymphocytes through vascular endothelium. The process of trans-lymphatic migration was also significantly retarded in the presence of a function neutralising antibody against CCR7. Most importantly, we observed that memory T-cells showed a markedly enhanced capacity to migrate across lymphatic endothelium if they had first traversed a vascular endothelial cell barrier. We have shown that addition of exogenous PGD2 to isolated lymphocytes is able to restore the enhanced migration capacity of lymphocytes that have previously migrated through a vascular monolayer. The nature of the priming signal delivered by the process of migration across blood vessel endothelium remains to be fully identified, but is likely to be important in regulating the dynamics of an inflammatory response.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Funders: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)


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