Exploring the protective role of significant interpersonal relationships in reducing recidivism

De Claire, Karen (2012). Exploring the protective role of significant interpersonal relationships in reducing recidivism. University of Birmingham. Foren.Psy.D.

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This thesis explores the impact that positive interpersonal relationships have on reducing re-offending. Method: A systematic review used online resources to explore the impact on prison visits on wellbeing, rule breaking in prison and recidivism. Ten studies met inclusion criteria and standardised quality assessment was applied. A qualitative research study explored the experience of four prisoners and their partners during the prisoner sentence. The interview data was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. A critique of an attachment measure the Relationship Scales Questionnaire, was conducted. Results: The systematic review found considerable variation in study quality, methods and findings. Studies found generally positive effects for visits. Visits reduced depressive symptoms; however, impact on rule breaking suggested a negative relationship. One study identified that visits reduced recidivism. The research identified four themes to explain the couples’ experience and impact of the relationship on offending; having a special connection, challenges and threats, reciprocal behaviours and maintaining a belief in the future. The RSQ evaluation suggests that it is effective tool to use in research. Conclusions: The findings suggest mechanisms through which relationships influence desistance. It has practical implications for supporting couples to maintain relationships and provides suggestions for future research in this area.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Foren.Psy.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Foren.Psy.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/3845


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