Subcellular distribution of lipid metabolising enzymes in human skeletal muscle

Clark, Juliette A. (2012). Subcellular distribution of lipid metabolising enzymes in human skeletal muscle. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.


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In obesity, lipids stored in muscle as lipid droplets (LDs) lead to accumulation of fatty acid (FA) metabolites and insulin resistance. This research involves development of immunofluorescence microscopy methods to generate novel information on the subcellular content and distribution of key enzymes that play a role in the underlying mechanisms. Chapters 3 and 4 describe visualisation of two lipid synthesising enzymes. Both are more abundant in type I muscle fibres. Chapter 5 reveals no differences between these enzymes in non obese and obese elderly women. Chapter 6 reveals that a key lipolytic enzyme (ATGL) has a higher content in type I fibres, but its activator does not. Chapter 7 describes visualisation of SNAP23 and reveals a high content at the plasma membrane and mitochondria and low content in LDs. Chapter 8 fails to observe a difference between obese and non obese elderly women in plasma membrane SNAP23, and therefore fails to confirm the hypothesis that LDs hijack SNAP23. However, obese women have less SNAP23 in mitochondria and this may limit FA oxidation. In conclusion this thesis describes several novel mechanisms by which obesity leads to accumulation of FA metabolites and insulin resistance. The developed methods will be a valuable novel tool for future diabetes research.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine


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