Self-sensing composites: cure monitoring

Tomlin, Andrew Dermot (2013). Self-sensing composites: cure monitoring. University of Birmingham. M.Res.


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The ability to monitor the cure kinetics at the fibre-matrix interface and the effects induced by the presence of silane coupling agents was the main focus of this study. E-glass reinforcing fibres were used as chemical sensors to eliminate the potential problems associated with implanting a foreign body into a composite structure in the form of an optical fibre. This study demonstrated conclusively that E-glass reinforcing fibres can be used to monitor the cure of an epoxy/amine resin system in-situ; the data generated via evanescent wave spectroscopy (EWS) using the reinforcing E-glass fibres showed excellent correlation with conventional transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy over a range of temperatures. EWS via E-glass fibres was used to study the effects of the following coupling agents on the cure behaviour: (i) 3-glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPS); and (ii) 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS). The epoxy and amine functional groups in the resin system were affected by the presence of the silane coupling agents during cure. Increased GPS concentration induced faster rates of epoxy conversion, but reduced the final degree of epoxy conversion. The amine functional groups of the curing resin were converted at faster rates with APS treatment, but the final degree of amine conversion was reduced.

Type of Work: Thesis (Masters by Research > M.Res.)
Award Type: Masters by Research > M.Res.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TS Manufactures


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