The role of platelets and their associated recruitment mechanisms, in intestinal ischaemia reperfusion injury

Holyer, Ian (2011). The role of platelets and their associated recruitment mechanisms, in intestinal ischaemia reperfusion injury. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated a key role for platelets and microthrombi in the pathophysiology of intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The research described in this thesis investigates the role of the major platelet glycoprotein receptors in recruiting and activating platelets following intestinal IR injury, namely GPVI, GPIb-IX-V and the integrins IIb3 and 21. Intravital microscopy was utilised to monitor individual platelet adhesion and microthrombus formation in anaesthetised mice undergoing intestinal IR injury \(in\) \(vivo\) using a novel dual labelling methodology. This study focussed on the microcirculation of the mucosal villi as this luminal surface is most susceptible to IR injury. We demonstrate that it was necessary to inhibit both microthrombus formation as well as platelet-leukocyte-endothelial interactions in order to ensure longer lasting improvement in gut microcirculation and histology. This was achieved through a dual therapy that targeted both GPIb and P-selectin. The strongest anti-platelet effect was observed with blocking the IIb3 integrin, but this was also associated with a sustained bleeding from the mucosal surface. Overall, the research within this thesis suggests that therapeutic strategies targeting GPIb and P-selectin may prove beneficial in improving the clinical morbidity associated with gut IR injury.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Watson, Steve P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kalid, NeenaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
School/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department: School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
URI: http://147.188.217.239/id/eprint/1489

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