Molecular cytogenetics and genetic characterisation of chromosomal rearrangements

Shuib, Salwati (2011). Molecular cytogenetics and genetic characterisation of chromosomal rearrangements. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.


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In this thesis I report three related studies that utilise state-of-the-art technologies to investigate germline and somatic chromosomal rearrangements in humans. Firstly, 16 patients with cytogenetically detectable deletions of 3p25-p26 were analysed with high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays; Affymetrix 250K SNP microarrays (n=14) and Affymetrix SNP6.0 (n=2). Assuming complete penetrance, a critical region for congenitalheart disease (CHD) susceptibility gene was refined to approximately 200 kb and a candidate critical region for mental retardation was mapped to ~1 Mb interval containing SRGAP3. Secondly, I used SNP microarray and molecular cytogenetic studies to characterize chromosome 11p15 in 8 patients with the imprinting disorder Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). In addition to characterising 11p duplications in three patients, the breakpoints in two patients with balanced rearrangements were mapped to two distinct regions. Thirdly, I used high resolution SNP arrays (Affymetrix 250K Sty1 and 6.0 arrays) to identify copy number changes in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) primary tumours (n=81) and cell lines (n=23). Copy number changes most frequently involved large segments (>10Mb) and loss of 3p and gain of 5q were the most common copy number changes. A comparison of copy number changes in RCC cell lines and inherited and sporadic primary tumours was made.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)


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