Application of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the detection of metabolic changes in blood cells with defective DNA repair

Vanderstichelen, Gaelle Michele (2022). Application of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the detection of metabolic changes in blood cells with defective DNA repair. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The DNA damage response (DDR) is a vast network of molecules that preserves genome integrity and allow the faithful transmission of genetic information in human cells. While the usual response to the detection of DNA lesions in cells involves the control of cell-cycle checkpoints, repair proteins or apoptosis, alterations of the repair processes can lead to cellular dysfunction, diseases, or cancer. Besides, cancer patients with DDR alterations often show poor survival and chemoresistance. Despite the progress made in recent years in identifying genes and proteins involved in DDR and their roles in cellular physiology and pathology, the question of the involvement of DDR in metabolism remains unclear. It remains to study the metabolites associated with specific repair pathways or alterations and to investigate whether differences exist depending on cellular origin. The identification of DDR-related metabolic pathways and of the pathways that cause metabolic reprogramming in DDR-deficient cells may produce new targets for the development of new therapies.
In this thesis, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) was used to assess the metabolic consequence of the loss of two central DNA repair proteins with importance in diseases context, ATM and RNase H2, in haematological cells. An increase in intracellular taurine was found in RNase H2- and ATM-deficient cells compared to wild-type cells for these genes and in cells after exposition to a source of DNA damage. The rise in taurine does not appear to result from an increase in its biosynthesis from cysteine, but more likely from other cellular processes such as degradation pathways.
Overall, evidence for metabolic reprogramming in haematological cells with faults in DNA repair resulting from ATM or RNase H2 deficiencies or upon exposition to a source of DNA damage is presented in this study.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences
Funders: European Research Council
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)


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