Multistage feature-assisted deep learning and its application in fine-grained fake news detection


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Hassan, Fuad Mire (2021). Multistage feature-assisted deep learning and its application in fine-grained fake news detection. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The rapid increase of real-time news posted in social media has led to the emergence of fake news. Assessing the veracity of news claims requires an enormous labour of human fact-checkers and therefore automating the sub-tasks of fake news detection pipeline could help them identify false claims. Although the related literature addresses fake news detection tasks in a simple binary or a multiclass classification setting, challenges still remain. For instance, (1) this domain suffers from a lack of large scale datasets and a large proportion of the instances belongs to legitimate news which creates a class-imbalance problem, (2) the characteristics of fake news are not yet known in order to generate effective discriminative features (3) and the content of multiclass categories can be very similar which makes it hard for multiclass classifiers to capture the finer distinctions between them.

The major focus of this thesis is to investigate novel models in Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML) that can help classify the veracity of a claim with respect to textual evidence into multiclass categories. Our first contribution is related to boosting the performance of multiclass stance detection. We show that using a feature-assisted neural model, aided with augmented training samples to deal with data imbalance, provides state-of-the-art performance on the FNC-1 dataset. The second contribution explores a way to improve stance detection, especially the minority categories, by proposing multistage classification approaches. We show a significant performance increase by breaking down the multiclass categories into different sub-stage feature-based and feature-assisted neural classifiers with category-specific features. Inspired by the multistage classification approaches, the final contribution proposes five-stage and three stage feature-assisted neural classifiers into multiclass fake statement detection. We conclude that sub-dividing the fine-grained task into multiple feature-specific classifier provides state-of-the-art performance.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Computer Science
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Islamic Development Bank
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > T Technology (General)


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