DC railway power supply system reliability evaluation and optimal operation plan

Chen, Yilin (2021). DC railway power supply system reliability evaluation and optimal operation plan. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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With the continuous and rapid development of the economy and the acceleration of urbanisation, public transport in cities has entered a period of rapid development. Urban rail transit is characterised by high speed, large traffic volume, safety, reliability and punctuality, which are incomparable with those of other forms of public transport. The traction power supply system (TPSS) is an important part of an electrified railway, and its safety issues are increasingly prominent. Different from the substation in a general power system, the load of a TPSS has a great impact on the traction transformer; moreover, in order to ensure normal operation of the train in case of failure, the traction substation must be able to access a cross-district power supply, as it has a high demand for reliable operation. The safe and reliable operation of DC TPSSs is the basis of the whole urban railway transit system.

Previous studies have investigated the reliability of the TPSS main electrical wiring system. However, the impact of traction load and the actual operation of trains on system reliability has not been considered when designing a DC railway power supply system. The purpose of the research for this thesis is to find an optimal system operation plan for urban railways, considering load characteristics.

This thesis begins with a review of the main arrangements of DC railway power supply systems and the literature on railway reliability studies. A model of single train simulation and a power supply system is established in MATLAB. The developed simulator is then integrated with a TPSS reliability model to evaluate the energy and reliability performance of DC railway power systems. Based on the train traction load model and train schedule, a comprehensive method for evaluating a DC TPSS considering traction load is proposed. Through simulation of the actual operation of the train group, the system energy consumption and substation life loss generated under different train operation diagrams and schedules are compared to provide a reference for the reasonable design of the timetable. Taking the life loss and energy consumption of the whole TPSS as the objective function, a genetic algorithm is used to optimise the train speed, coasting velocity, station dwell time and headway to find the optimal operation strategy. This is illustrated with a case study of the Singapore East–West metro line.

The study has addressed the following issues: development of a multi-train power simulator, evaluation of reliability performance, and finally the search for an optimal operation plan. The train running diagram and timetable are optimised jointly. This can help railway operators make decisions for an optimal operation plan and reduce the operation risk of the power system.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/11572


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