Does explicit memory interfere with the implicit memory of people with acquired memory impairments?

Werrell, Fiona (2020). Does explicit memory interfere with the implicit memory of people with acquired memory impairments? University of Birmingham. Clin.Psy.D.

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This thesis submitted towards the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology consists comprises a research component, split into three chapters. The first chapter presents a meta-analysis conducted across 29 studies. This explored the effectiveness of wakeful rest on memory consolidation, when compared to an equivalent period of distraction. The results indicate an overall positive effect, particularly across older adults and those with memory impairments. Other potential moderators of the effect are also explored.

The second chapter is an empirical study which explored whether explicit memory interfered with the implicit memory of 20 individuals with acquired memory impairments. The findings suggest that rather than interfering, the explicit condition acted as another exposure trial, enhancing participants’ implicit retrieval. This has important implications for memory rehabilitation, particularly when considering how best to support individuals to learn and retain new information. Limitations of the study and considerations for further research are also discussed. The third and final chapter is a press release. This provides an accessible overview of both the meta-analysis and empirical study.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology


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