Contextualising transforming rehabilitation: supporting short sentenced offenders with complex needs in a time of policy change

Manga Atangana, Bibiane (2020). Contextualising transforming rehabilitation: supporting short sentenced offenders with complex needs in a time of policy change. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This thesis presents the findings of a qualitative exploration of the concept of effective rehabilitation within Transforming Rehabilitation (TR) – a programme implemented in 2015 to review the way offenders are rehabilitated in England and Wales.
The study focuses on the programme’s radical changes to the commissioning, delivery and payment of rehabilitation services i.e. Payment by Results (PbR) and the mechanisms - as framed by Pawson and Tilley (1997)’s realist approach - through which it influenced the provision of effective rehabilitation in the community, especially to short-sentenced offenders with complex needs.
Policy documents are examined to establish the theory behind TR. Interview data from service providers (including private and third sector organisations) and service users, across England, is used to explore the implications of TR on the ground and effective rehabilitation from their perspectives.
This work suggests that PbR as designed under TR works against the principles of effective rehabilitation, which were found to be rooted in the mental health of the offenders. A theoretical perspective on how effective rehabilitation could be achieved and appropriately funded is proposed. The study recommends the adoption of a public health approach to addressing re-offending, with mental health at the forefront of the design of policies concerning offender rehabilitation.

Qualitative data for the thesis is available: DOI 10.25500/edata.bham.00000756,

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Applied Health Research
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare


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