The effects of Blast on Vascular Endothelium

Davies, Emma Mary (2020). The effects of Blast on Vascular Endothelium. University of Birmingham. M.D.

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Extremity injury is a significant burden to those injured in explosive incidents and local ischaemia can result in poor functionality in salvaged limbs. This study examined whether blast injury to the limbs resulted in in activation of, or damage to the endothelium and its subsequent effects on the surrounding tissues.

The hind limbs of terminally anaesthetized rabbits were subjected to one of four blast exposures (high, medium, low, or no blast). Blood samples were analyzed for circulating endothelial cells pre-injury and at 1, 6, and 11 h postinjury as well as analysis for endothelial activation pre-injury and at 1, 6, and 12 h post injury. Post-mortem tissue (12 h post-injury) was analysed for both protein and mRNA expression and also for histopathology. The high blast group had significantly elevated levels of circulating endothelial cells 6 h post injury. This group also had significantly elevated tissue mRNA expression of IL-6, E-selectin, TNF- α, HIF-1, thrombomodulin, and PDGF. There was a significant correlation between blast dose and the degree of tissue pathology (haemorrhage, neutrophil infiltrate, and oedema) with the worst scores in the high blast group. This study has demonstrated that blast injury can activate the endothelium, and in some cases, cause damage that in turn leads to pathological changes in the surrounding tissue. For the casualty injured by an explosion the damaging effects of haemorrhage and shock could be exacerbated by blast injury and vice versa so that even low levels of blast become damaging, all of which could affect tissue functionality and
long-term outcomes.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > M.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > M.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)


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