The effectiveness of Muslim women in leadership and the contribution of Islamic leadership values in the Malaysian Institute of Teacher Education – a case study of three campuses

Mohamed Noordin, Zuraimy Binti (2020). The effectiveness of Muslim women in leadership and the contribution of Islamic leadership values in the Malaysian Institute of Teacher Education – a case study of three campuses. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Abstract

Purpose: This study investigates the perceptions of ITE leaders of the leadership styles, qualities and competencies, and the uses of power that have enabled them to lead effectively. It also explores the extent of the impact and influence of Performance and Islamic Leadership values on their effectiveness as leaders of ITEs in Malaysia.
Methodology: Quantitative methods in the form of survey assessments were employed to determine whether a significant difference exists between leadership styles, qualities and competencies in terms of their effect on leadership effectiveness. A comparative statistical analysis was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of Leadership Effectiveness Model, which were the focus of this research. A qualitative method was adopted to carry out individual interviews to determine leaders’ experiences and values, and the associated competencies that had enabled most of them to lead effectively.
Findings: The findings reveal that the transactional leadership style was the leadership style most practised by ITE leaders. Transformational, laissez-faire, democratic and autocratic leadership styles, which were also found to be practised, were all found to have a significant positive correlation with Leadership Effectiveness.
Leadership style was defined as an independent variable influencing leadership quality and competencies. Five leadership styles, namely transactional, transformational, laissez-faire, democratic and autocratic were used as independent variables to determine leadership effectiveness through leadership qualities and competencies. Use of Power (by using five sources of power), Performance and Islamic Leadership were identified as moderate variables in terms of their influence on leadership effectiveness, and leadership effectiveness was also found to be influenced by other mediating factors, namely Philosophy of Leadership, Goal and Responsibilities, Interpersonal Correspondence, Personal Growth and Growth and
Empowerment of Employee. The Leadership Effectiveness Model that was the focus of this research was developed from established theories and is valid and reliable.
Conclusions: This study offers input into how ITE leaders develop the effectiveness of their leadership by changing, integrating and diversifying their leadership style, competencies and practices to suit particular situations. A leadership effectiveness model was successfully formulated through the findings of this study to guide future leadership excellence.
Contributions and Recommendations: These findings can contribute to the issue of women leadership and the career progression of women, making it more achievable for women to attain top leadership positions and is important need for them to overcome the challenges they face in their leadership roles in order to be an effective leaders. Future research stemming from this could address the contextualisation of cultural differences between neighbouring countries; the perspectives of leaders at the highest levels, such as Directors and Head of Department and an examination of leadership behaviours from the point of view of both groups.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Cesari, JocelyneUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jawad, HaifaaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
School or Department: School of Philosophy, Theology and Religion, Department of Theology and Religion
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/10487

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