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Investigating the redispersibility of calcium carbonate

Dosanjh, Ardeep (2010)
M.Res. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The primary aim of this research was to investigate the redispersibility of the commercial calcite slurry product, Carbilux, after drying. Various dispersants and pH changes were made to improve the colloidal stability. The commercial product contained an unknown organic dispersant which was removed by washing and zeta potential results were measured. The rheological properties of the various samples were investigated and a sample selection was made to obtain powders from conventional oven drying, freeze drying and spray drying for redispersibility analysis. The powder properties were compared using laser diffraction for particle size analysis and zeta potentials, scanning electron microscopy, gas adsorption for surface area analysis, shear rate controlled rheology tests and compressive load tests to obtain agglomerate strengths. The particle size distributions and rheological properties are strongly correlated as an increased number of free fine particles increased the viscosity due to more interparticulate interactions. The removal of the organic dispersant produced unstable systems supported by rheological evidence of shear thickening at high shear rates. The agglomerate strengths weakened with the removal of the organic. The particle size distribution analysis supports this but the rheological evidence tends to be less conclusive due to changes of the colloidal chemistry in the washing and drying processes.

Type of Work:M.Res. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Blackburn, Stuart
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemical Engineering
Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:973
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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