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Modelling the human perception of shape-from-shading

Sun, Peng (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Shading conveys information on 3-D shape and the process of recovering this information is called shape-from-shading (SFS). This thesis divides the process of human SFS into two functional sub-units (luminance disambiguation and shape computation) and studies them individually. Based on results of a series of psychophysical experiments it is proposed that the interaction between first- and second-order channels plays an important role in disambiguating luminance. Based on this idea, two versions of a biologically plausible model are developed to explain the human performances observed here and elsewhere. An algorithm sharing the same idea is also developed as a solution to the problem of intrinsic image decomposition in the field of image processing. With regard to the shape computation unit, a link between luminance variations and estimated surface norms is identified by testing participants on simple gratings with several different luminance profiles. This methodology is unconventional but can be justified in the light of past studies of human SFS. Finally a computational algorithm for SFS containing two distinct operating modes is proposed. This algorithm is broadly consistent with the known psychophysics on human SFS.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Schofield, Andrew J.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Psychology
Subjects:T Technology (General)
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:874
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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