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Experimental demonstration of displacement noise free interferometry

Perreca, Antonio (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

General relativity describes gravity as the curvature of space-time. The theory predicts the existence of gravitational waves (GWs), which can be described as ripples in space-time propagating at the speed of light. So far no direct detection of GWs has been achieved. The sensitivities of the currently leading laser interferometric GW detectors are limited by various noise sources, i.e. seismic, thermal, shot noises etc. Several conceptual studies are underway investigating new techniques that aim to improve sensitivities enough to fulfil the requirements of the next generation of detectors. One of these new techniques under investigation is displacement and frequency noise free interferometry (DFI). This thesis reports on the experimental demonstration of a new method of partial DFI that is effective in the GW detection frequency band. The isolation of a mimicked GW signal from displacement noise of one mirror is demonstrated for a detuned Fabry-Perot cavity. A significant reduction in the displacement noise of the cavity input mirror was achieved by properly combining the reflected and transmitted signals from the cavity. This result represents the first experimental demonstration of this recently proposed DFI scheme, and lays the foundations for future work aimed at implementing DFI schemes in up-coming laser interferometric GW detectors.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Freise, Andreas
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Physics and Astronomy
Subjects:QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:817
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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