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Asymmetric synthesis 1,2,3-triazoles utilising the copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition

Brittain, William David George (2018)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) is a highly efficient reaction and is the cornerstone of “click” chemistry. However, unlike many common metal-mediated transformations asymmetric CuAAC variants are relatively sparse. This thesis details asymmetric “click” reactions with Chapter 1 introducing the CuAAC and the asymmetric variants already present in the literature. Chapter 2 outlines research demonstrating the first example of kinetic resolution of an alkyne via a CuAAC reaction. Selectivity factors of up to 22.1 ± 0.5 were obtained and triazoles and alkynes were obtained in ≤ 80% enantiomeric excess (ee). This chapter also contains a study on the simultaneous kinetic resolution of azides and alkynes; azides were obtained in >30% \(e\)\(e\), alkynes in >40% \(e\)\(e\) and a triazolic diastereomeric product was obtained in up to 90% \(e\)\(e\). In Chapter 3 the Bull-James three-component boronic acid assembly is successfully employed for the kinetic resolution of primary amine alkynes with selectivity factors of up to 4.1 obtained. The principle behind the assembly is also elaborated upon in this chapter leading to its use in both dynamic combinatorial chemistry and as a pedagogical tool. Chapter 4 details work on atropisomerism in triazolic systems. A series of novel triazoles, iodotriazoles and triazolium salts were successfully synthesised and their atropisomeric stability probed. Chapter 5 presents feasibility studies towards the asymmetric synthesis of 5,5’-bis(triazoles) and ruthenium olefin metathesis catalysts in the formation of 1,5-triazoles.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Fossey , John
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemistry
Subjects:QD Chemistry
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:8143
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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