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Shoplifting in Midlands foodstores

Wilkins, Nora S. (1971)
M.Soc.Sc. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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SHOPLIFTERS possess characteristics which distinguish them criminologically from other thieves. More women than men are convicted, the reconviction rate is low, and the offenders have a higher average age and come from more diverse socio-economic back grounds.

SHOPLIFTING has been investigated from psychiatric and sociological standpoints. It is frequently associated with a stress situation in an otherwise law-abiding individual. He may
then disregard the criminality of his act for the sake of its therapeutic effect. It can be carried out successfully without the support of a criminal subculture, but that support may be essential if the offender is to continue once discovered.

RESEARCH to date is concerned mainly with the convicted shoplifter - but many who are apprehended are never convicted, since this depends primarily on the readiness of the store to instigate proceedings against them. Although few stores keep reliable records about those they apprehend, one firm made 382 such records available for analysis. From this a descriptive report was made, and a comparison drawn between those apprehended and those convicted. Additionally, since the gravity of the offence in terms of amount stolen was known, a further comparison was made between the sentences imposed by the eleven magistrates' courts in the areas concerned.

A SUMMARY of the research findings is given in Chapter 7.

Type of Work:M.Soc.Sc. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Cavenagh, W.E.
School/Faculty:Faculties (to 1997) > Faculty of Commerce and Social Sciences
Department:Department of Social Administration
Subjects:HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7949
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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