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Adrenomedullin in dental tissues

Musson, David (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Tooth development is complex and dependent on epithelial-mesenchymal interactions involving key molecular signalling pathways. Preliminary data indicate that the pleiotropic growth factor adrenomedullin (ADM) is expressed during tooth development. Furthermore, in osteoblasts, cells which share structural and functional similarities to odontoblasts, ADM increases proliferation in vitro and can promote mineralised bone volume and strength in vivo. Immunohistochemical analysis of ADM demonstrated expression during key stages in tooth development in particular in cells responsible for signalling odontoblast differentiation and subsequently in secretory odontoblasts. Similarities with the temporo-spatial expression profile of TGF-β1 were also observed. In vitro analysis using the developmentally derived dental cell lines, MDPC-23 and OD-21, demonstrated ADM stimulated a biphasic response in dental cell numbers with peak stimulation at 10-11M and that it stimulated mineral deposition at levels comparable to that of the known mineralising agent dexamethasone. Analysis of tooth tissue volume and key mandibular measurements in Swiss mice systemically treated with ADM using techniques including micro-Computer Tomography did not identify significant differences in craniofacial mineralised tissue structures compared to sham treated controls. The data presented here along with the known pleiotropic properties of ADM indicate it may be an important regulator of tooth development particularly in the processes of cell proliferation, differentiation and mineralisation. However, in adult animals systemic ADM supplementation appears to have limited affect on mandibular bone and dentine synthesis.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Smith, A J and Cooper, P R
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Dentistry
Additional Information:

Some findings from this thesis have been published as: Adrenomedullin is expressed during rodent dental tissue development and promotes cell growth and mineralization Biology of the cell, 2010 Jan 6;102(3):145-57 2

Subjects:RK Dentistry
QP Physiology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:794
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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