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The identification and measurement of autistic features in children with optic nerve hypoplasia, "isolated" hypopituitarism and varying combinations of septo-optic Dysplasia

Jutley, Jagjeet (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Research studies have identified that some children with Septo Optic Dysplasia and Optic Nerve Hypoplasia demonstrate autistic phenomenology (Parr et al., 2008; Ek et al., 2005; Pring & Ockelford 2005; Bahar et al., 2003). It was found in fifty-six children, aged between four to sixteen, with isolated Hypopituitarism, Septo Optic Dysplasia and Optic Nerve Hypoplasia, that a susceptibility to autistic disorders in children was closely related to children’s degree of intellectual disability, and also their visual loss, but not their hormone deficiencies. The theses found that those children with greater severities of neurological impairments were more vulnerable children to autistic disorders. Furthermore, sensory impairments, and Self Injurious Behaviours, which are common to children with autistic disorders, intellectual disability and/or visual loss, were also reported in children with Septo Optic Dysplasia and Optic Nerve Hypoplasia, but only in children who had greater levels of intellectual disability and visual loss. The clinical relevance of the findings of the thesis is that all children with Septo Optic Dysplasia and Optic Nerve Hypoplasia should have their development closely monitored by pediatric services at the hospital they attend. Furthermore, not being able to isolate the impact of intellectual disability, from that of the impact of visual impairment makes it difficult to isolate the origin of autism in the blind. The study also raises the further possibility that intellectual disability and visual loss may have an accumulative effect to the severity of autistic disorders.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Harris, Gillian and Kirk, Jeremy
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:Education
Subjects:LC Special aspects of education
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:792
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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