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Computational studies of homogeneous charge compression ignition, spark ignition and opposed piston single cylinder engines

Alqahtani, Ali Mubark (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

In this research, possible improvements in engine specifications using the simulations developed on the AVL BOOST™ and Ricardo WAVE™ platforms were investigated. These modelling simulations help the author to predict the effect of any improvements in engine specifications without practical experimental challenges and difficulties. Firstly, HCCI and SI engines were modelled with the intention of maximizing the engine’s efficiency and minimizing the emissions. Changes of valve timing and throttle angle influence emissions’ reduction and the efficiency of the engine. In SI engines, the emissions of NOx can be reduced by using EGR, while only having a little effect on performance. The emissions from the HCCI, due to their intrinsically low emission output, were not improved. The effect of increasing the bore to stroke ratio in an opposed piston engine whilst maintaining a constant swept volume, port geometry and combustion timing, shows an increase of heat losses due to the lower ratio of exposed surface area to volume; an increase in thermal and mechanical efficiency; and most importantly, an improvement in fuel consumption. Also, in this research study, different strategies for opposed piston engines were investigated to increase the engine’s efficiency. The effect of a variable compression ratio on an opposed piston engine’s performance indicates different behaviour at various engine speeds and under different running conditions.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Wyszynski, Miroslaw Lech and Xu, Hongming
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Mechanical Engineering
Subjects:TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7899
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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