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Electrokinetic stabilisation as a subsidence remediation technique

Clinton, Thomas (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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This study comprises a three part investigation into electrokinetic stabilisation (EKS): numerical modelling, laboratory trials and site trials. The numerical modelling was introduced to identify issues in the physical trials and assess proposed site trial solutions and associated configurations. The laboratory trials concentrated on electrode development and chemical stabiliser combinations in conjunction with known practical issues such as electrode polarisation and current intermittence effects. English China Clay batches combined with predetermined chemical stabiliser mixes were cured for up to 540 days and tested for standard engineering indexes and electrodes were tested for durability in liquids and under electrolysis. Optimum electrodes, determined through current transfer and durability results, along with optimum chemical combinations, determined through increase in undrained shear strength and reduction is linear shrinkage, were then combined to determine the effects on English China Clay under a mock strip footing for 30 days. It was shown that EKS has a negligible effect on the footing itself through either damage or level changes.

The methodology was developed from the laboratory trials where the optimum electrode type, chemical combination and current intermittence times were developed, and applied to a site trial near Watford, UK. Four trials were conducted consisting of: a control; a vertical electrode set‐up, a vertical electrode set‐up using current intermittence and a raked electrode set‐up. All trials consisted of a 0.3x0.3x1.0m strip footing with treatment targeted at beneath the concrete. EKS was conducted for 56 days on a predominantly London Clay based made ground material with apparent resistivity measurements taken pre‐, peri‐ and posttreatment where apparent resistivity measurements showed the movement of the stabilising fluids over time. Site monitoring included voltage, current, air temperature and footing underside temperatures. Post treatment testing included standard engineering index testing, chemical analysis and SEM photography to determine the effects of the treatment regime. It was determined that the vertical electrode system showed most beneficial clay improvements through the laboratory testing and apparent resistivity results and as in the laboratory trials, negligible effect on the strip footings.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Jefferson, Ian and Rogers, Chris
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Civil Engineering
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7852
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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