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A mixed-methods examination of the dietary and physical activity characteristics of overweight and obese South Asian men living in the UK

Emadian, Amir Hossein (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

South Asian men living in the (UK) have higher rates of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) compared with their white British counterparts. Diet, physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST) are important risk factors for the development of T2DM. The aim of this thesis was to use a mixed-method approach to assess diet, PA and ST, as well as to explore the factors influencing these behaviours in overweight and obese South Asian men living in the UK. Study 1 revealed there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend that any specific diet is superior in improving glycaemic control, but did display the crucial role weight loss plays in the management of T2DM. Study 2 indicated that 54% of overweight and obese UK South Asian men had a ‘healthy’ diet. Results from study 3 indicated that only 24.1% of the men met the minimum PA recommendations. Qualitative findings from study 2 and 3 revealed the unique sociocultural factors influencing diet and PA behaviours in South Asian men. The findings from this thesis can be used to advise the development of culturally tailored programmes and interventions to help reduce T2DM rates in this high-risk population.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Thompson, Janice
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Additional Information:

Publication arising from research: 1). Emadian, A., Andrews, R.C., England, C.Y., Wallace, V. and Thompson, J.L., 2015. The effect of macronutrients on glycaemic control: a systematic review of dietary randomised controlled trials in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes in which there was no difference in weight loss between treatment groups. British Journal of Nutrition, 114(10), pp.1656-1666. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003475. 2). Emadian, A., and Thompson, J.L. A mixed-methods examination of physical activity and sedentary time in overweight and obese South Asian men living in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2017, 14, 348.

Subjects:DS Asia
QP Physiology
RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7497
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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