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Preparation, characterisation and secondary crystallisation of PHB based copolymers and carbohydrate blends

Fitzgerald, Annabel Victoria Lucy (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Poly(hydroxybutyrate) copolymers are sustainable and biodegradable, but they are known to exhibit secondary crystallisation, which severely reduces the ductility of these materials, thus hindering their current commercial use. Therefore, the main focus of this research was to explore a number of strategies to control the secondary crystallisation behaviour of two Poly(hydroxybutyrate) based copolymers.

Blends of P(HB-co-HV)(3 wt % HV) with carbohydrate molecules of varying chain lengths were prepared by melt blending, characterised, and monitored over time to assess their capability to reduce secondary crystallisation. Additives were found to hinder the secondary crystallisation process, demonstrated by a reduction in the percentage change of mechanical properties as the concentration and chain length increased.

The effect of storage temperature on the secondary crystallisation behaviour of P(HB-co-HHx)(33 % HHx) was also reported. Samples were stored at a range of storage temperatures and the effects on thermal, chemical and mechanical properties discussed. Increasing storage temperature caused the secondary process to occur to a greater extent, with greater increases in the melting temperature recorded in samples stored at 100 \(^∘\)C (128 \(^∘\)C - 135 \(^∘\)C) compared to samples stored at 7 \(^∘\)C (128 \(^∘\)C –
128 \(^∘\)C). Sub-melting point degradation of the material was also noted.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Jenkins, Mike
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Metallurgy and Materials
Subjects:TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7474
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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