Pankhurst, Tanya (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
This study examined IgG subclass in ANCA associated vasculitis and glomerular endothelial cell (GEC) phenotype predisposes to injury. Using the flow model, interaction of neutrophils with normal immunoglobulin subclasses was compared to interaction with subclasses of ANCA IgG. Neutrophils were captured by normal IgG3>IgG1>IgG2/IgG4. Blockade of CD32 affected IgG3, CD16, IgG1/2. Neutrophils exposed to soluble ANCA IgG1/3 adhered to cytokine-activated endothelial cells, as did IgG4, not previously thought to bind constitutively expressed CD16/CD32. Fc blockade reduced binding. GEC were compared with human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Surface VCAM-1 was reduced on GEC and GEC demonstrated reduced leukocyte capture. RNA array analysis demonstrated a reduction in the GEC gene responsible for post translational modification of VCAM-1 to a sialoglycoprotein. VCAM-1 expression by GEC may be a protective mechanism to reduce inflammatory responses, potentially disrupted in disease. ANCA subclass and endothelial phenotype are important vasculitis pathogenesis: this may be useful in designing targeted therapy reducing overall immunsuppressive load. Additionally modification of specific adhesion molecule profiles on endothelial cells may enable alteration of conditions of one vascular bed whilst reducing impact on unaffected sites.
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