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Optimization of small-scale axial turbine for distributed compressed air energy storage system

Bahr Ennil, Ali (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Small scale distributed compressed air energy storage (D-CAES) has been recognized as promising technology which can play major role in enhancing the use of renewable energy. Due to the transient behavior of the compressed air during the discharging phase, there are significant variations in air pressure, temperature and mass flow rate resulting in low turbine efficiency. This research aims to improve the expansion process of the small scale D-CAES system through optimization of a small scale axial turbine. A small scale axial air turbine has been developed using 1D Meanline approach and CFD simulation using ANSYS CFX 16.2. For improving the turbine efficiency, different optimization approaches like single and multi-operating point optimization have been performed.
The turbine blade profiles for both stator and rotor have been optimized for minimum losses and maximum power output based on 3D CFD modelling and Multi Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) optimization for single and multi-operating points. Using multi-operating point optimization, the maximum turbine efficiency of 82.767 % was achieved at the design point and this approach improved the overall efficiency of D-CAES system by 8.07% for a range of inlet mass flow rate indicating the potential of this optimization approach in turbine design development.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Al-Dadah, Raya and Mahmoud, Saad
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Mechanical Engineering
Subjects:TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7157
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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