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Towards in-situ characterisation of formulated products

Clark, Peter (2016)
Eng.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Recently, the ability to characterise a formulated product during its manufacture has become very desirable due to the importance of maintaining control over its structure and electro-mechanical properties. The fields of process tomography and spectroscopy are set to play an important role in new technologies yielding in-situ characterisation of a product during chemical processing. This study has investigated such techniques with the aim to apply these tools to a relevant Johnson Matthey manufacturing line.
Water, being a high di-electric, can be detected at very low concentrations using Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT). This relationship has been exploited to monitor drying and phase boundaries of a packed bed in both two and three dimensions. A comparison with MRI has yielded similar results for the drying profile of a similar packed bed demonstrating technique robustness. Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) has been used to discriminate gas and solid phases within a three phase system. The measured conductivity of the multi-phase system at 300 Hz is different than at 9600 Hz and allows for the identification of conductive particles from air bubbles. The application of wideband impedance spectroscopy to ceramic suspensions has shown that electrical and structural properties are inter-related.
This work has driven forward the research and improved the range of applications of electrical process analytics.

Type of Work:Eng.D. thesis.
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemical Engineering
Additional Information:

Embargo to 31 December 2020

Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6973
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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