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Metallurgical and mechanical modelling of Ti-6Al-4V for welding applications

Villa, Matteo (2016)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Complex heat treatments and manufacturing processes such as welding involve a wide range of temperatures and temperature rates, affecting the microstructure of the material and its properties. In this work, a diffusion based approach to model growth and shrinkage of precipitates in the alpha + beta field of Ti-6Al-4V alloys is established. Experimental heat treatments were used to validate the numerical predictions of the model for lamellar shrinkage, whilst data from literature have been used to evaluate the numerical model for the growth of equiaxed microstructures. The agreement between measurements and numerical predictions was found to be very good. Experimentally-based approaches were used both to describe the growth of alpha lamellae and martensitic needles while cooling down from temperatures above the beta transus, and beta grain growth for temperatures remaining above the beta transus. Such models were coded in the commercial FE software Visual-Weld for the prediction of microstructure evolution during welding simulations. Experimental welding tests were carried out to validate the predictions. The metallurgical models developed were linked with a mechanical physically based model to predict the flow properties and the initial implementation of the coupled models in Visual-Weld is discussed.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Ward, Mark and Brooks, Jeffrey
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Department of Metallurgy and Materials
Subjects:TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6910
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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