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Interactions of light and mirrors: advanced techniques for modelling future gravitational wave detectors

Brown, Daniel David (2016)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The second generation of ground based interferometric gravitational wave detectors, offering ten times the sensitivity of their predecessors, are now just beginning to come online. With these fully operational the community expects that within the next few years we will finally observe the first direct detection of a gravitational wave. The effectiveness of numerical modelling of realistic systems for design and improvements is in many cases limited by the computation time. I have investigated the use of a reduced-order quadrature technique to reduce the computational cost of calculating spatial overlap integrals of Hermite-Gaussian mode. This significant reduction allows for new parameter spaces to be efficiently explored. One of the challenges in the design of future gravitational wave detectors are unstable mechanical oscillations of the test masses: also known as parametric instabilities. I have shown a new method to reduce these parametric instabilities by using purely optical means. Finally, the susceptibility of waveguide grating mirrors to lateral displacement phase shifts coupling in to the reflected beam was investigated. It was demonstrated using a finite-difference time-domain model to solve Maxwell’s equations that such a coupling does not affect waveguide grating mirrors.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Freise, Andreas
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Physics and Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Research Group
Subjects:QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6500
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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