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Mesenchymal stem cells as endogenous regulators of leukocyte recruitment; the effects of differentiation

Munir, Hafsa (2016)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are a tissue-resident stromal cell population that are able to regulate immune responses, in particular the capacity for endothelial cells (EC) to support leukocyte recruitment. In this thesis we examined the ability of MSC from different sources (bone marrow, Wharton’s jelly and trabecular bone) to regulate neutrophil recruitment to inflamed EC and how these responses are altered upon adipogenic differentiation of MSC. Using two flow based adhesion models with varying degrees of proximity between MSC and EC, we observed that all MSC populations suppressed neutrophil recruitment. IL-6 and TGFβ were identified as common bioactive agents found in all co-cultures. Upon differentiation, MSC exhibited a diminished capacity to suppress neutrophil, but not peripheral blood lymphocyte, recruitment. Loss of suppression by MSC-derived adipocytes was reversed by neutralising IL-6. Adipose tissue-derived mature adipocytes and culture differentiated pre-adipocytes did not recapitulate the effects of MSC-derived adipocytes. These data suggest that crosstalk between tissue-resident MSC and EC, dampens the endothelial response to cytokines and limits the aberrant infiltration of circulating leukocytes during inflammation. Upon adipogenic differentiation, MSC lose this regulatory capacity. This could impact on the beneficial effects of MSC in chronically inflamed sites where aberrant infiltration of leukocyte is a main driver of the disease.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):McGettrick, Helen and Nash, G. B. (Gerard B.)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences
Subjects:QH301 Biology
QP Physiology
RC Internal medicine
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6471
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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