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Ethno-religious conflicts and gender in Nigeria’s middle belt

Dayil, Plangsat Bitrus (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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This thesis explores and analyses the impact of ethno-religious conflicts in the city of Jos and other parts of the Middle Belt and Nigeria on gender relations and the lives of women. The thesis addresses the question of the impact of conflict on women beyond loss of life and property as seen in other literature. It shows how ongoing conflictual relations that are not always violent, but include aspects of political competition disadvantage women.
The research locations covered by this research are urban areas. Data for this research was gathered through interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with 102 respondents, recruited through purposive sampling and willingness to participate in the interview.
This thesis argues that the conflict dynamics affect the life chances of women on different levels because women are associated with the transcendence or transgression of group boundaries in their private life. The growing importance of group boundaries means that women’s life choices, such as marriage, are increasingly subject to public comment and criticism. Beyond the private, the growing importance of group boundaries makes it increasingly difficult for women to participate in typically female activities such as trading and selling in local markets. At the political level, the desire for ever smaller groups to be recognised works against the representation of women, who are seen as being much less capable than men of representing group interests. And within the public sector, too, the fallout from the crisis means that women here are also subject to increasing control and scrutiny.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Nolte, Insa and Baber, Karin
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
Department:School of History and Cultures, Department of African Studies & Anthropology
Subjects:BL Religion
DT Africa
HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6409
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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