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Thermal dynamics of one-dimensional quantum systems

Bovo, Filippo (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

In this work we examine the dynamics of one-dimensional systems. We present a continuum approach to the construction of the non-equilibrium Keldysh functional integral and derive a relation between the classical and quantum fields of the Keldysh formalism and the occupation of a state. Using the Keldysh formalism, we give a self-contained presentation of bosonization and refermionisation of fermionic and bosonic interacting particles. We derive the first two non-linear corrections to linear bosonization due to the fermionic spectrum curvature using the functional integral formalism. Using the previous results, we study the thermal dynamics of one-dimensional systems. We consider both the phonons, coming from bosonization, and fermionic quasiparticles, coming from refermionisation, in a single theory. Having them in a single theory is justified by a scale separation between them. Studying the dynamical structure factor we find three regimes. From higher to lower energies we have a ballistic and a collisional regimes of fermionic quasiparticles and a hydrodynamical regime of non-linear phonons. The phase field of the non-linear bosons satisfies the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation, thereby linking the dynamics of one-dimensional quantum systems to the universality class of surface growth. The time-scale separating the phononic and fermionic quasiparticle regimes is very long for up-to-date experiments, meaning that the ballistic regime of fermionic quasiparticles is the only one likely to be observed. Since this approach has a limited range of validity for weakly interacting bosons, we derive their dynamical structure factor using a semiclassical approach.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Gangardt, Dmitri
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Physics and Astronomy
Subjects:QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6320
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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