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The realities of disability and poverty in Latin America

Pinilla Roncancio, Monica Viviana (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Disability and poverty are related: there is a higher risk of disabled people becoming poor and of poor people becoming disabled. Although this relationship is recognised within disability scholarship, there is a lack of empirical evidence particularly in the context of Latin America.
Taking data from five Latin American Countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico), this study tests the hypothesis that households with disabled members have higher levels of poverty compared with other households. Two research designs were used: a small-N comparative variable-oriented design using most-different cases; and a cross sectional design. Secondary data analysis revealed that households with disabled members have higher levels of poverty using direct and indirect measures (e.g. income; subjective and multidimensional indices) compared with other households and that this held true across the five countries studied.
The findings from this research have salience for policy makers internationally. The most important policy implication is that disabled people and their families need to be explicitly included in poverty reduction strategies and their extra needs should be recognised within these policies. Mitigating the risk of poverty for disabled people should be a universal policy goal.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Clarke, Harriet and McKay, Stephen
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:School of Social Policy, Institute of Applied Social Studies (IASS)
Subjects:HC Economic History and Conditions
HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6236
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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