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A discussion of the influence of antiquty in the art and architecture produced during the reign of emperor Napoleon 1st

Wren, Fanny Mary Howard (2010)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This work examines the effect of antiquity on the production of art and architecture during Napoleon’s reign. Two ancient civilisations, Egypt and Rome, are used as examples of antiquity, chosen due to the expeditions led by Napoleon to Italy and Egypt prior to his reign. The effect of these expeditions on French cultural output is charted through selected examples that decorated Paris and the changes the city underwent as it became an Imperial capital. The first chapter considers the presentation of looted artwork in the Louvre. How specific ancient statues were displayed is explored in relation to Napoleon’s imperial dreams and French society’s Republican and subsequently Imperial redefinition. The second chapter studies the impact of the Egyptian expedition on Napoleonic art and architecture but also as a mode of forming cultural memory for French society during and after Napoleon’s reign. The final chapter disseminates how antiquity was translated onto monuments, focussing specifically on the Champs-Elysées axis. This leads to a brief discussion of the French restorations in Rome during the Napoleonic era. Conclusions are then drawn on the physical representation of antiquity and its use as mode of expression for French society in the years following the Revolution.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Spencer, Diana
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
Department:Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity
Subjects:DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
DC France
NX Arts in general
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:617
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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