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A study of the effects of playing a wind instrument on the occlusion

Grammatopoulos, Ektor (2010)
M.Phil. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the effects of playing a wind instrument on the occlusion. Subjects and method: One hundred and seventy professional musicians were selected from twenty-one classical orchestras and organisations. The subjects were subdivided according to the type of instrument mouthpiece and included thirty-two large cup-shaped mouthpiece brass players (group A.L), forty-two small cup-shaped mouthpiece brass players (group A.S), thirty-seven single reed mouthpiece woodwind players (group B) and fifty-nine string and percussion instrument players (control group). Impressions were taken for each subject and various parameters were assessed from the study casts. Statistical analysis was undertaken for interval variables with one-way analysis of variance and for categorical variables with Chi-square tests. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in overjet, overbite, crowding, Little’s Irregularity Index and prevalence of incisor classification between the wind instrument players and the control group, p>0.05. However, group A.L had a significantly higher prevalence of buccal crossbites than all the other groups, p<0.05. Conclusions: Playing a wind instrument does not significantly influence the position of the anterior teeth and is not a major aetiological factor in the development of malocclusion. However, playing a brass instrument with a large cup-shaped mouthpiece may predispose to buccal crossbite development.

Type of Work:M.Phil. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Dhopatkar, Ashish
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:Department of Orthodontics
Subjects:RK Dentistry
M Music
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:606
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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