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Effects of palladium thin films on the hydrogen permeability of Pd-Cu alloy membranes

Al-Mufachi, Naser Azzat (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The hydrogen permeability of surface modified Pd\(_6\)\(_0\) Cu\(_4\)\(_0\) wt% (Pd\(_4\)\(_7\)\(.\)\(_3\)Cu\(_5\)\(_2\)\(_.\)\(_7\)at%) membranes have been determined for the first time. Surface modification was accomplished through the deposition of Pd thin films of three different thicknesses (95.5 ± 0.1, 797.4 ± 0.2 and 1,409.6 ± 0.2 nm) on to one side of a range of as-received Pd\(_6\)\(_0\) Cu\(_4\)\(_0\) wt% membrane coated with a 1,409.6 ± 0.2 nm thick Pd thin film positioned on the feed side (445 kPa of hydrogen pressure) and cycled between 50 and 450 °C achieved the highest hydrogen permeability of 1.09 x 10\(^-\)\(^8\) mol m\(^-\)\(^1\) s\(^-\)\(^1\) Pa\(^-\)\(^0\)\(^.\)\(^5\) at 450 °C during the third cycle. This is a 58% increase on the value measured for the as-received Pd\(_6\)\(_0\) Cu\(_4\)\(_0\) wt% under the same conditions.

This improvement can be attributed to a Pd-rich Pd-Cu face centred cubic (FCC) phase forming through
interdiffusion between the Pd thin film and bulk Pd-Cu membrane as a result of the test conditions used during hydrogen permeability measurements. This introduces a larger hydrogen concentration gradient across the membrane due to the relatively high hydrogen solubility of the Pd-rich Pd-Cu FCC phase resulting in the observed increase in permeability.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert and Rees, Neil
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Chemical Engineering
Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6028
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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