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Studying the role of B-Myb during somatic reprogramming and in iPSCS

Ward, Carl Ross James (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

Somatic cell reprogramming towards a pluripotent stem cell-like state occurs in an organized way, with rapid changes in gene expression during the first days of induction. Little is known about the mechanisms that lead to DNA double strand breaks (DSB) and genome instability during reprogramming.
Amongst genes upregulated during reprogramming is that encoding the transcription factor B-Myb. \(B\)-\(myb\) RNA levels increase gradually from day 2 of reprogramming, earlier than those encoding pluripotency factors such as \(Nanog\).
Despite its possible function as a regulator of the pluripotent state, B-Myb has a general role in the regulation of proliferation, and genome stability throughout the animal kingdom, raising the possibility that the activity of this protein is linked to the DSBs observed during reprogramming.
To explore this possibility, reprogramming studies were performed in which B-Myb expression was modified: B-\(myb\)-/- MEFs were incapable of reprogramming after transduction with OSKM lentivirus (Oct4/Sox2/Klf4/c-Myc). However, unexpectedly, co-expression of B-Myb together with OSK (OSKB lentivirus), severely impaired the efficiency of reprogramming.
Interestingly, the iPSC colonies appeared more ESC-like and had less DSBs.
My results show that both the level of the B-Myb expression is crucial during early stages of reprogramming, indicating that B-Myb is a gatekeeper for reprogramming.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Garcia, Paloma
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
Department:School of Immunity & Infection
Subjects:QH426 Genetics
QR180 Immunology
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5997
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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