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Development of a novel oxide-oxide ceramic matrix composite for high temperature structural applications

Dearn, Sophie Clare (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The introduction of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) for structural applications in the hot section of a gas turbine provides many potential benefits over conventional alloy materials, including facilitating elevated operating temperatures. The development of an oxide-oxide CMC composed of commercially available Nextel 720 (3M) fibres within a porous alumina matrix was presented.

A simple, low cost processing method involving slurry impregnation and subsequent consolidation and densification was developed, facilitating the production of dried pre-impregnated fabric (‘pre-preg’) that can be stored in ambient conditions. Detailed investigation into the effect of three types of PVA binder, the effect of 0-20wt% additions of an alumina precursor (ACH), the influence of a bimodal particle distribution and the effect of sintering at temperatures between 1100 and 1300°C on processing and mechanical properties was completed in order to optimise the material.

The optimised composite material, composed of Nextel 720 fibres within a submicron alumina particle matrix with 10wt% ACH sintered at 1200°C, exhibited mean flexural strength >205MPa, short beam shear strength >12MPa and tensile strength >146MPa. These results were comparable to similar oxide CMCs previously reported, validating this material.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Bowen, Paul
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Metallurgy and Materials
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5924
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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